Argentina’s capital, popularly known as the “Paris of South America,” is one of the world’s most beautiful and cosmopolitan cities. Built in the 19th century, an era of plenty for Argentina’s wealthy gaucho land barons, Buenos Aires blends old world charm with modern convenience. Today the city of three million is a mosaic as varied and diverse as its culture. Small, highly individualized neighborhoods each proudly display distinct characteristics and colors. With a distinctive European flavor, Buenos Aires boasts numerous monuments and tourist attractions, and is also famous for shopping, theater, and its famed tango-inspired nightlife.