The smallest country in the rugged Andean highlands, Ecuador has an array of vibrant indigenous cultures, well-preserved colonial architecture, majestic volcanic landscapes and dense rainforest. This colorful tapestry of topography and people is presented in a country the size of the state of Nevada. Ecuador's central highlands are home to the famed volcanoes such as Cotopaxi (19,347 ft.) and Ecuador's capital city, Quito, originally an Inca city, recently declared a UNESCO Patrimonial Monument; and world renowned Indian Markets such as Otavalo. Along the eastern slope of the Andes we will find the Amazon Jungle, home to one-third of the entire Amazon bird species as well as 10 percent of the world's tree species. 600 miles west of Ecuador's mainland, the remote volcanic Galapagos Islands provided Charles Darwin with inspiration for his theory of evolution. The Galapagos National Park consists of many small islands that provide a unique and unmatched experience of landscapes and wildlife.